India before and after independence

india after independence

Thus India's leaders were faced with the prospect of inheriting a fragmented nation with independent provinces and kingdoms dispersed across the mainland. The result was constant clashes between the students and the police. My parting from my ayah, who had looked after me all my life, is still a distressing memory and it was probably just as painful for her.

We have 75 to 80 percent of India, which we can make strong with our own genius.

Education system in india before and after independence ppt

However, the murder of Gandhi shocked so many people, that ironically it ushered in a period of stability. It came to be known as the JP movement. In foreign policy, he took a leading role in the Non-Aligned Movement while projecting India as a regional hegemon in South Asia. The heartland of support for the Muslim League, however, lay in central north India Uttar Pradesh which was not included within Pakistan. Hyderabad Hindu-majority state with a Muslim nizam — Patel ordered the Indian army to depose the government of the Nizam , code-named Operation Polo , after the failure of negotiations, which was done between 13—17 September Nobody likes the division of India and my heart is heavy. Although further outraged at the League's boycott of the assembly and non-acceptance of the plan of 16 May despite entering government, he was also aware that Jinnah did enjoy popular support amongst Muslims, and that an open conflict between him and the nationalists could degenerate into a Hindu-Muslim civil war of disastrous consequences. But I am afraid of one thing, that all our toil and hard work of these many years might go waste or prove unfruitful. Communal violence in Bengal and Punjab in January and March further convinced Patel of the soundness of partition. Rajendra Prasad became the first President of India. He installed in the Golden temple and began to preach his separatist message. Until Partition, "Kashmir was not divided," Nisa said.

This time the popularity of the Indian National Congress had declined considerably although the INC did win for the fourth time. The catalogue of horrors includes the disembowelling of pregnant women, the slamming of babies' heads against brick walls, the cutting off of victims limbs and genitalia and the displaying of heads and corpses.

india after independence in malayalam

Mountbatten visited Gandhi and said he hoped that he would not oppose the partition, to which Gandhi wrote the reply: "Have I ever opposed you? We cannot give way to emotionalism and sentimentality.

indian independence movement summary

This new state was split in two, the two parts being miles apart.

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Partition of India