What is your plagiarism score? A deductive approach to research is the one that people typically associate with scientific investigation.
For deductive approaches the emphasis is generally on causality, whilst for inductive approaches the aim is usually focused on exploring new phenomena or looking at previously researched phenomena from a different perspective.
The following table illustrates such a classification from a broad perspective: Concepts associated with quantitative methods Concepts associated with qualitative methods Type of reasoning. Though Ferguson and her colleagues did not test the hypotheses that they developed from their analysis, their study ends where most deductive investigations begin: with a set of testable hypotheses.
Researchers may not always set out to employ both approaches in their work but sometimes find that their use of one approach leads them to the other. The deterrent effect of arrest in incidents of domestic violence: A Bayesian analysis of four field experiments.
In inductive reasoning, we begin with specific observations and measures, begin to detect patterns and regularities, formulate some tentative hypotheses that we can explore, and finally end up developing some general conclusions or theories.
Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 52, 4— American Sociological Review, 57, —; Pate, A. Inductive approaches are generally associated with qualitative research, whilst deductive approaches are more commonly associated with quantitative research.
Specifically, Sherman and Berk hypothesized that deterrence theory would provide a better explanation of the effects of arresting accused batterers than labeling theory.