The greatest difference in chinese philosophy and way of thinking

What attitude is most conducive to a happy life?

eastern thinking

Among the best full-text translations of the Mengzi are D. Journal of Happiness Studies, 4, — Blue emotion.

Chinese thinking vs western thinking

These are arbitrary distinctions which totally miss the underlying, and essentially identical, aims of eastern and western philosophy. This pattern is not reproduced at the societal level. Not until the mids did a recovery of Confucian philosophy begin with the so-called New Confucians. As yet only one study has separated these effects. Oxford: Blackwell. This negative reaction may fit with Kupperman's characterization of much Western ethics as upholding only a limited altruism that allows one a private sphere of life free from moral demands and in which one gives much more weight to the cares and concerns of the self and those close to the self. And what counts as a reasonable explanation in particular cases will be set within the context of one's larger theories about persons and societies, among other things. Short history of Chinese philosophy. Xiusheng Liu and Philip J. In an evolutionary perspective it is quite logical that bonds with family and friends add to happiness. It is not easy to find an analogue to someone such as Zhuangzi in the Western tradition. Discussion So much for these reality tests of advice for a good life.

In contrast, there was an Old Text school that advocated the use of Confucian works written in ancient language from this comes the denomination Old Text that were so much more reliable. Yearley, Lee H.

differences between chinese and western culture

Depending on the situation, the appropriate action and feeling may be extreme on a common sense understanding but appropriate given the agent and the circumstances. The fact that we can point to similar beliefs within our own tradition and that we can imagine what the appeal would lie behind such beliefs does not mean that we share those beliefs with others even as we attribute to them.

Eastern and western thinking patterns

The world pictures of other cultures embody other interests, and we may not be able to prove that they are wrong, or indeed, we may be unable to fully understand why it is that they value the interests they value so highly. Start Your Free Trial Today Periods of development of Chinese philosophy Historically, Chinese philosophy has gone through four periods: 1 the classical, 2 the neo-Daoist and Buddhist, 3 the neo-Confucian, and 4 the modern. In his later writings on charity , p. In the Han dynasty B. This may be difficult to buy for believers who see only truth in these philosophical traditions. A way of life is being recommended as in Hansen , and perhaps that way of life is rooted in a certain kind of transforming experience as in LaFargue. It does not advise people to pursue goals in the long run, because they have to realize that fate is not in their hands. It is a commendation of a style of action that consists in being receptive rather than aggressive, following from behind rather than leading in front, accommodating rather than confrontational, and being flexible and ready to change with the situation rather than rigid and operating from general predetermined principles. Western philosophy is systematic argumentation and theory. Yet this does not guarantee that this wisdom is equally relevant for the average citizen in modern society. Confucianism displays an appreciation for the power of community, custom, convention and ceremony for helping to make vivid and concrete and meaningful such ethical abstractions as love, respect, and care Fingarette, , Shun, , Kupperman, We proceed on the assumption that the others we are interpreting live in the same world as we do. Stephen Angle defines two kinds of comparative philosophy: a "rooted global philosophy" is working within a particular live philosophical tradition in such a way as to be open to stimulus and insights from other philosophical traditions, and b "Constructive engagement," on the other hand, is an approach that is focused on the interaction of stimulus and insights between two live philosophical traditions. While the theme of attunement with the world is present at the roots of Western traditions, no major ethic in the West gives the ideal of spontaneous, effortless attunement the kind of centrality Daoism gives to it, and indeed, Slingerland argues that the ideal of spontaneous and effortless action that is in accord with the normative order of the cosmos is quite important to the early Confucian thinkers. Or consider the consistent Confucian theme that rulers cannot hold power simply on the basis of law and punishment.

In the case of marriage it has been shown that both effects are involved: though happy people have a better chance of finding a spouse, it is also clear that marriage adds to happiness M 1.

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Chinese Philosophy: Overview of History