What are descriptive research methods

The Problem of Rigor in Qualitative Research. Educational researchers might use observational, survey, and interview techniques to collect data about group dynamics during computer-based activities.

Descriptive research pdf

Descriptive research, while somewhat similar, is different in that specific marketing research methods actually fall under it. Goldberger on Pellagra. Several important scientific discoveries as well as anthropological information about events outside of our common experiences have resulted from making such descriptions. Google Scholar Rose, G. A descriptive research design can use a wide variety of quantitative and qualitative methods to investigate one or more variables. Preview Unable to display preview. For example, a descriptive study might employ methods of analyzing correlations between multiple variables by using tests such as Pearson's Product Moment correlation, regression, or multiple regression analysis. In order for a survey to gather good quality data, it should have good survey questions, which should be a balanced mix of open-ended questions and close ended-questions. Quick to conduct and cheap: As the sample size is generally large in descriptive research, the data collection is quick to conduct and is cheap. Reprinted Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, Its value is based on the premise that problems can be solved and practices improved through observation, analysis, and description.

Thick, rich descriptions of phenomena can also emerge from qualitative studies, case studies, observational studies, interviews, and portfolio assessments. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, Borg and Gall classify the outcomes of educational research into the four categories of description, prediction, improvement, and explanation.

Descriptive research conclusion

Adv Nurs Sci April 27—37, It is important to emphasize that descriptive research methods can only describe a set of observations or the data collected. The methods of collecting data for descriptive research can be employed singly or in various combinations, depending on the research questions at hand. Case Study as Descriptive Research Case study as a descriptive research definition is used to understand a complex subject. The other reason why case studies are not an accurate way of conducting descriptive research is because there could be an atypical respondent in the research and describing them leads to poor generalizations and move away from external validity. The biggest advantage of the naturalistic method of research is that researchers view participants in their natural environments. Google Scholar Kirk, J. Educational researchers might use observational, survey, and interview techniques to collect data about group dynamics during computer-based activities. Methods of Social Research. Engel suggest that descriptive science in biology is currently undervalued and misunderstood: "Descriptive" in science is a pejorative, almost always preceded by "merely," and typically applied to the array of classical -ologies and -omies: anatomy, archaeology, astronomy, embryology, morphology, paleontology, taxonomy, botany, cartography, stratigraphy, and the various disciplines of zoology, to name a few. Google Scholar Hammersley, M. Case Studies: Case studies involve a more in-depth analysis of an individual or smaller audience.

There are two serious problems with case studies — expectancy effects and atypical individuals. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, The Rysavy and Sales approach did not observe students in classrooms, but reported certain common findings that emerged through a literature search.

Many of its findings are published in an annual volume called Digest of Educational Statistics.

importance of descriptive research

The same survey also asks demographic questions like age, income, gender, geographical location etc. It is useful when not much is known yet about the topic or problem.

Rysavy and Sales also apply a descriptive approach to study the role of group collaboration for working at computers. Those patterns aid the mind in comprehending a qualitative study and its implications.

Descriptive research example

There has been an ongoing debate among researchers about the value of quantitative see Targeting the appropriate audience will help avoid this bias. For example, a need for quantifiable data and validation can detract from descriptive objectives and the need to understand an audience first. Advantages and disadvantages can be found with each type: Open-ended questions allow for a greater variety of responses from participants but are difficult to analyze statistically because the data must be coded or reduced in some manner. As a way of offering guidance about the potential of technologies for distance education, that office has published a book called Linking for Learning: A New Course for Education, which offers descriptions of distance education and its potential. Google Scholar Montgomery A. Monsen, E. Its value is based on the premise that problems can be solved and practices improved through observation, analysis, and description. Good examples of this are the Knupfer and Hayes study about the effects of the Channel One broadcast on knowledge of current events, Manaev's study about mass media effectiveness, McKenna's study of the relationship between attributes of a radio program and it's appeal to listeners, Orey and Nelson's examination of learner interactions with hypermedia environments, and Shapiro's study of memory and decision processes. On the other hand, descriptive research might simply report the percentage summary on a single variable. This leads to greater ecological validity than laboratory observation, proponents say.

Descriptive studies have an important role in educational research.

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Descriptive research